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Articles and Thoughts

AI based nut counting
“I feel the need, the need for speed”, a famous quote from the Hollywood movie ‘Top Gun’ rings true for most engineers. We strive to make existing algorithms, software and hardware run faster and faster. This blog post explains the design of one such high-speed, high-accuracy solution developed by Ignitarium engineers: a computer vision based …

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Arm Neon was introduced to improve multimedia encoding/decoding, UI, graphics and gaming related features running on mobile devices. Over the years, it has been used to accelerate signal processing algorithms and functions, to speed up not only the multimedia audio and video applications but foray into deep learning and AI related applications such as voice …

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Gitlab Photo
Let’s dive into Part 3 of the blog series ‘Getting Started with Git’.  In this blog, we will explore the basics of GitLab. A few fundamentals of GitLab that will be covered are: Creating a project and cloning itCreating branches, making changes and pushing back to GitLab Creating a Project and cloning it You can …

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Computer vision & AI Rail crossing Photo
In the last 40 years, more than 22,000 people were killed at U.S. railroad crossings*. But data shows that railroad crossings have become safer over time, thanks to the installation of gates and lights at more crossings, timed traffic signals and increased public education efforts. Helping further with these efforts are several noted companies and …

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We hope you enjoyed the blog on Git Commands for Beginners.  In part 2 of this series let’s try understanding the basics of GitHub.  Here, we’ll cover key fundamentals:  Creating an account in GitHub Creating repository (repo) & pushing code to the repo Creating branches and making merge requests. Creating an account in GitHub: GitHub …

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Sound Event Classifier Blog
The term Sound Event Classification (SEC), also called Acoustic Event Classification or Audio Event Classification, is the process of acquiring audio signals from an audio source, analysing the acquired signals to detect events that…
Don’t worry if you don’t understand this in a single shot, let’s get some hands-on experience and have fun doing this. First, find below the basic structure one needs to visualize before understanding the concept behind ‘git codes.’ Starting from the Remote Repository, it can be either GitHub (or) GitLab; from there we clone it …

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5th Generation
Cellular technology has leapfrogged in the past few decades offering users unparalleled access to on the go services and opening up infinite possibilities. The current standard mobile device now has many applications like navigation, web browsing, instant messaging, e-commerce, payment gateways, streaming content etc. to name a few. With current 3G and 4G networks, a …

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Footwear Detection Image
Across global industries, AI-driven computer vision systems are enabling the streamlining of the production process so that the products are compliant with the quality criteria set by the company.  This in turn brings in advantages of greater efficiency, lower operational costs while enabling 24/7 production and quicker decision making.  Producing defect-free footwear is not easy. …

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Deep Neural Network Model on FPGA Part-2
While Part 1 of this 2-part blog series covered Deep Neural Networks and the different accelerators for implementing Deep Neural Network Models, Part 2 will talk about different Deep Learning Frameworks and hardware frameworks provided by FPGA Vendors. Deep Learning Frameworks: Deep learning framework can be considered as a tool or library that helps us to …

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Hardware Acceleration of Deep Neural Network Model on FPGA
Artificial Intelligence has become all-pervasive, by finding applications in areas which seemed impossible earlier. Deep Learning, which is a subfield of Machine Learning, has become a state-of-the-art solution to all AI problems due to its high accuracy and efficiency. It helps in making real time decisions in applications like Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), Robots, …

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A cost-effective debug solution using OpenOCD for hardware platforms
In today’s world, hardware platforms are growing in complexity and reducing the time to market for these platforms is key to capturing the market segment. Gone are the days when the hardware was considered as a critical piece; customers now expect the board to be delivered as a package containing world-class hardware infrastructure with reliable …

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Inside of a car
In all critical applications like aircrafts, medical equipment and automobiles, there is a requirement for the systems to be reliable and safe. These requirements are important since human lives are at stake, which have led to the development of safety standards in various industries. The basic idea behind functional safety is that the overall system …

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The need for Automatic Speech Command Recognition (ASCR / ASR) on IoT devices is gaining traction because of the increased interest in non-touch-based applications. This article introduces a new lightweight convolutional neural network (CNN) for ASR on microcontrollers.
Cars running on a road along with numbers highlighted
Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR), also called Automatic License Plate Recognition (ALPR), refers to an accurate image processing system used for detecting and reading vehicle number plates. It uses an Optical Character Recognition (OCR) component on images of number plates that are captured at high speed, to detect individual characters on the number plate and …

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Two roads connected by a bridge
Roads and water canals have historically been opening up channels of commerce in economies across the world and continue to do so even today. The socio-economic development of many countries has been linked to the development and maintenance of infrastructure.
Hundreds of Solar Panels in a field
Lean, green and renewable energy are some of the buzzwords of the last decade. Beyond the buzz, there’s the real grassroots level transformation that their adoption is bringing across our beautiful blue planet, critical to the survival of mankind as we know it.
AI based Real Time Noise Suppression
We’re thrilled to be featured on Arm’s new case study regarding #Ignitarium’s Noise Suppression IP for Arm Cortex-M processors. Ignitarium has come up with a deep learning-based real-time noise suppression software that can run on low-cost microcontrollers. To counter stationary and non-stationary noises, a traditional DSP approach is not sufficient. This requires certain hybrid models including a …

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Man rolling a tyre
Business photo created by freepik.com As the global manufacturing industry faces the pressures of bringing to market multiple variants of the highest quality products in the shortest possible time, a shift towards AI-driven automation across all functions has become inevitable. In quality inspection, AI-driven computer vision systems are already enabling the streamlining of the production …

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Despite the ubiquitous presence of voice assistants in our homes and workplaces, the technological intricacies of how automatic speech recognition works continue to amaze us.  One of the most crucial aspects that determines the accuracy of a good voice assistant is based on testing it in generalized real-world environments, which unfortunately is very difficult to …

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Mixed-Signal Verification Challenges As the complexity of Mixed-signal designs increase, so does the need to have an exhaustive, structured, and scalable approach towards the verification of such designs. Digital Verification already has such a methodology (Universal Verification Methodology), which has proven to be very successful in taping out complex digital designs with high quality and …

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Robots and humens
The vision of Robots and Humans working together has been popularized by numerous Hollywood movies, comic books and the media for many decades now. Success stories about the application of automation in the manufacturing industry date back to the early 1980’s, when welding robots demonstrated efficiency and resilience to deliver on time and increased the overall …

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A container terminal
Deep Learning has provided a major boost to computer vision’s already rapidly expanding reach. A lot of new applications of computer vision technologies have been implemented with Deep Learning and are now becoming a part of our daily lives.
Tightening security by accelerating updates for security bugs and features has become one of the prime necessities of the connected world. The faster you roll out updates, the better these vulnerabilities can be plugged in. The intent is to create media frameworks which are extensible; partners can continue to extend media codecs and media format …

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A masked women sweeping the floor
As people around the world prepare to get back to work in the new normal, workplaces are leveraging cutting-edge tech-driven solutions to ensure safety standards for all. AI-driven computer vision systems are being deployed by companies to enforce and monitor social distancing, detecting violations of face masks and safety jackets on their premises. As governments …

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Internet Of Things (IoT) is arguably one of the most important technologies of this century. It is driving us to a rapidly digitized world. The hype around IoT has been around for some time, and a common phrase that one often hears was, “We will have 1 billion connected devices.” This was flying around during the 2013-2015 …

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The benefits of Batch Normalization in training are well known for the reduction of internal covariate shift and hence optimizing the training to converge faster. This article tries to bring in a different perspective, where the quantization loss is recovered with the help of Batch Normalization layer, thus retaining the accuracy of the model. The article also gives a simplified implementation of Batch Normalization to reduce the load on edge devices which generally will have constraints on computation of neural network models.
A Train
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is not a new field; researchers have been working with AI since the 1950s. Today, AI is helping to make all modes of transportation safer and more efficient by identifying potential risks, tracking vehicles or monitoring traffic lights to improve safety. For decades, railways around the world have suffered from lack of …

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Industry 4.0
Since the Industrial Revolution, industries have been looking at key parameters like productivity, quality assurance and cost reduction and ways of improving them.  From production lines pioneered by Henry Ford in 1913 to just-in-time manufacturing techniques evolved at Japanese plants like Toyota to the state-of-the-art automated robotics-based production lines in Western Europe, industries have undergone …

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Among all market segments addressed by the integrated circuit (IC) industry, Industrial is probably the most diverse with applications ranging from plant automation, power conversion (including conventional and alternative), remote monitoring, robotics, security, battery management, man machine interfaces (MMI), general sense & actuation etc. Add to this the natural adjacency to automotive and medical, and …

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Artificial Intelligence has been assuming significance beyond academic debates in the past couple of years. Google and Facebook claims that they now have face recognition systems based on AI that can beat humans at the task.
IoT seems to have crossed its Hype Cycle peak somewhere in 2016 and is well heading into the Troughs of Despair. The ubiquitous IoT device still remains the mobile phone with people preferring to use more of the integrated sensors in mobiles rather than discrete sensors.